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The Medical Consequences of Periodontal Disease

A buildup of plaque and bacteria on your teeth can quickly lead to irritation and inflammation of your gums, or the early stages of periodontal disease. Over time, periodontal disease only continues to grow worse. Bacteria fall below your swollen gums, attacking your periodontal ligaments and jawbone. While many people tend to focus on the oral health consequences of periodontal disease, it can also significantly impact your overall health as well. When faced with periodontal disease, Martin Periodontics can help.

Respiratory Complications

When you have periodontal disease, you have an excess buildup of harmful bacteria residing in your mouth. If you breathe through your mouth, you can inhale some of these bacteria into your lungs. The lungs are a warm, moist environment, perfect for fostering bacterial growth. The bacteria that find their way into your lungs can quickly multiply, leading to respiratory complications. Bacteria can lead to issues such as pneumonia as well as exacerbate existing issues such as COPD and asthma.

Heart Disease

Periodontal disease causes swelling of your gum tissue. This causes your gums to pull away from your teeth, leading to the formation of pockets. Bacteria fall into these pockets and begin attacking your periodontal ligaments and jawbone. As this happens, bacteria can also enter into your bloodstream. Once there, they travel throughout your whole body, causing inflammation as they go. Bacteria can lead to clogged arteries and can also lead to an infection in the inner lining of your heart.


Bacteria in your bloodstream can also lead to diabetes. In the blood, bacteria can affect the ability of your body to manage sugar levels. Additionally, if you have diabetes, it can increase your risk of developing periodontal disease. When you have diabetes, there is more sugar in your saliva. Bacteria in your mouth feed on these sugars and are able to multiply faster.

Pregnancy Complications

When you are pregnant, your hormones can increase your risk of developing periodontal disease. If you have periodontal disease while pregnant, it can lead to significant issues that not only affect you, but that can affect your child as well. Periodontal disease has been linked to issues such as preterm birth as well as low birth weight. While oral hygiene is important for everyone, it is especially important during pregnancy.

Mental Health Consequences

Periodontal disease can significantly impact the appearance of your smile. Advanced stages can lead to gum recession, chronic bad breath, a shift in the alignment of your teeth, and even tooth loss. When your smile is affected, your confidence decreases. You may find yourself avoiding certain situations, which can affect your social life, your work life, and your romantic life. A lack of confidence can also lead to depression and other mental health issues. Taking care of your mouth helps to ensure that your smile remains beautiful and your confidence high.
While periodontal disease has several significant effects on your oral health, it can also affect the health of your whole body. If you suspect that you have periodontal disease, it is essential that you get treatment immediately. Call Martin Periodontics at (513) 445-4282 to schedule your consultation today.
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Medical Consequences of Periodontal Disease | Periodontist Mason & North Cincinnati, OH | Martin Periodontics
Martin Periodontics, 6410 Thornberry Court, Suite C, Mason, OH 45040-7909 ^ (513) 445-4282 ^ ^ 7/13/2024 ^ Page Terms:dental implants Mason OH North Cincinnati OH ^